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Cambridge Infectious Diseases

An Interdisciplinary Research Centre at the University of Cambridge

Studying at Cambridge


Professor James Wood

Professor James Wood

Veterinarian, epidemiology with interests in the infection dynamics and control of a number of diseases in Africa and globally.

James Wood is available for consultancy.

Madingley Road


Head of Department of Veterinary Medicine &
Alborada Professor of Equine and Farm Animal Science

I am an infectious disease epidemiologist with interests in the infection dynamics and control of a number of diseases.

Research themes

Connections in Africa:
  • Ghana
  • Ethiopia- Ethicobots

Research Interests

My interests lie in the dynamics of infections at different scales, from sub-cellular, through to within host and the population level. These dynamics studies rely on collaborations between mathematical modellers (within the vet school (Restif, Conlan, Brooks-Pollock, McKinley, Lo Iacono) and in DAMTP (Gog) and basic science researchers and are frequently multi-institutional.

My work, focussed around processes underlying emergence of infectious diseases, has various strands. Studies of mammalian influenza infection, particularly the dynamics of the generation of viral variants within hosts and during transmission (in collaboration with Murcia at Glasgow, Kellam at Sanger, Brown at VLA and Charleston at Pirbright), lyssavirus and henipavirus infections in African bat reservoir hosts and their potential impact in humans (in collaboration with Cunningham at IoZ, Fooks at AHVLA, Leach at the STEPS Centre (IDS) and many international collaborators including Webb (Colorado State University) and Ntiamoa-Baidu and Suu-Ire (University of Ghana)) and bovine Tuberculosis persistence and control (in collaboration with AHVLA).

My position and research are generously supported by The ALBORADA Trust


  • Epidemiology


  • Influenza (Flu)
  • Rabies
  • Tuberculosis

Key Publications

Baker, K.S., Suu-Ire, R., Barr, J.A., Hayman, D.T.S., Broder, C.C., Horton, D., Durrant, C., Murcia, P.R., Cunningham, A.A. & Wood, J.L.N. (2013) Viral antibody dynamics in a chiropteran host.  Journal of Applied Ecology in press

Brooks Pollock, E., Conlan, A.J.K., Mitchell, A.P., Blackwell, R., McKinley, T.J. & Wood, J.L.N. (2013) Age-dependent patterns of bovine tuberculosis in cattle. Veterinary Research in press

Peel, A.J., Sargan, D.R., Baker, K.S.,  Hayman, D.T.S., Barr, J.A., Crameri, G., Suu-Ire, R.D., Broder, C.C., Lembo, T., Wang, L.F., Fooks, A.R., Rossiter, S.J., Wood, J.L.N.* & Cunningham, A.A.* Continent-wide panmixia of an African fruit bat facilitates transmission of potentially zoonotic viruses Nature Communications in press

Gilbert, A., Fooks, A.R., Hayman, D.T.S. Horton, D.L., Müller, T., Plowright, R., Peel, A.J., Bowen, R., Wood, J.L.N. Mills, J., Cunningham, A.A. and Rupprecht, C.E. Deciphering Serology to Understand the Ecology of Infectious Diseases in Wildlife. Ecohealth epub 1-16

Godfray, H.C.J., Donnelly, C.A., Kao, R.R., Macdonald, D.W., McDonald, R.A., Petrokofsky, G., Wood, J.L.N., Woodroffe, R., Young, D.B., McLean, A.R. (2013) A restatement of the natural science evidence base relevant to the control of bovine tuberculosis in Great Britain. Proc R Soc B 280: 20131634. htt0070://

Lo Iacono, G., Robin, C.A. , Newton, J.R., *Gubbins, S., *Wood, J.L.N. (2013) Where are the horses? With the sheep or cows? Uncertain host location, vector-feeding preferences and the risk of African horse sickness transmission in Great Britain. Interface 10 (83)

Murcia, P.R., Baillie, G.J., Stack, J., Jervis, C., Elton, D., Mumford, J.A., Daly, J., Kellam, P., Grenfell, B.T., Holmes, E.C. & Wood, J.L.N. (2013) Evolution of equine influenza virus in vaccinated horses. Journal of Virology 87 4768-4771

Luis, A.D., Hayman, D.T.S., O’Shea, T.J., Cryan, P.M., Turmelle, A., Pulliam, J.R.C., Mills, J.M., Timonin, M., Willis, C., Cunningham, A.A. Fooks, A.R., Rupprecht, C., Wood, J.L.N. and Webb, C.T. (2013) A comparison of bats and rodents as reservoirs of zoonotic viruses: Are bats special? Proc Roy Soc B 280 (1756): 20122753

Conlan, A.J.K., McKinley, T.J., Clifton-Hadley, R.S. Mitchell, A., Birch, C., Goodchild, A.,  & Wood, J.L.N. Re-introduction drives the within-herd persistence of bovine tuberculosis in Great Britain PLoS Comp Bio 8 (10), e1002730

Morters, M., O. Restif, K. Hampson, S. Cleaveland, J.L.N. Wood, Conlan, A.J.K. (2012) Evidence-based control of canine rabies: a critical review of population density reduction. Journal of Animal Ecology in press

Restif, O., Hayman, D.T.S., Pulliam, J.R.C, Plowright, R.K., George, D.B., Luis, A.D., Cunningham, A.A., Bowen, R.A., Fooks, A.R., O’Shea, T.J, Wood, J.L.N. & Webb, C.T. (2012) Model-guided fieldwork: practical guidelines for multi-disciplinary research on wildlife ecological and epidemiological dynamics. Ecology Letters in press

Murcia, P.R., Hughes, J., Battista, P. Lloyd, L. Baillie, G.J., Ramirez-Gonzalez, R.H., Ormond, D., Oliver, K., Elton, D., Mumford, J.A., Caccamo, M., Kellam, P., Grenfell, B.T., Holmes, E.C. & Wood, J.L.N. (2012) Evolution of an Eurasian avian-like influenza virus in naïve and vaccinated pigs. PloS Pathogens 8(5): e1002730.

Wood, J.L.N., Leach, M., Waldman, L., MacGregor, H., Fooks, A.R., Jones, K., Restif, O., Dechmann, D., Hayman, D.T.S., Baker, K.S., Peel, A.J., Kamins, A.O., Fahr, J., Ntiamoa-Baidu, Y.N., Suu-Ire, R., Breiman, R., Epstein, J. & Cunningham, A.A. (2012) A framework for the study of zoonotic disease emergence and its drivers: spillover of bat pathogens as a case study Phil Trans Roy Soc B 367 2881-2892

Park AW, Daly JM, Lewis NS, Smith DJ, Wood JLN, & Grenfell BT, (2009) Quantifying the impact of immune escape on transmission dynamics of influenza. Science 326, 726–8

Hayman DTS, Suu-Ire R, Breed AC, McEachern JA, Wang L, Wood JLN, Cunningham AA, (2008) Evidence of Henipavirus Infection in West African Fruit Bats. PLOS One 3 (7); e2739

Grenfell BT, Pybus OG, Gog JR, Wood JLN, Daly JM, Mumford JA, Holmes EC (2004), “Unifying the epidemiological and evolutionary dynamics of pathogens”, Science 303:327–332